Let’s look at how Jonathan shows us the three essentials to right relationship with God in1 Sam 23:16-17
Then Saul’s son Jonathan came to David in Horesh and encouraged him in his faith in God, saying, “Don’t be afraid, for my father Saul will never lay a hand on you. You yourself will be king over Israel, and I’ll be your second-in-command. Even my father Saul knows it is true.”
Jonathan surrendered not just the throne, but His rightful claim to the throne. He surrendered his right to rule and reign. He surrendered the right of deciding what was best for himself and others to his King.
Which brings us to the second essential.
Jonathan submitted to God’s will and God’s new King by surrendering his throne (his by right of succession) to David who was God’s anointed. Jonathan removed himself from the Kingdomof Saulinto the Kingdomof David. He did this by saying “You yourself will be king over Israel, and I’ll be your second-in-command.” After surrendering and submitting himself to God’s anointed Jonathan began to stand in covenant relationship with his king. The third essential
In 1 Sam 23:18Jonathan renews his covenant with David as a sign that he would stand with him regardless of the consequences to himself. By doing this Jonathan was going to stand upon the promise of the King to be faithful to him.
Jonathan at that point gave up the whole life he had known, in order to live for and with his new King. The Kings desires became his desires, the Kings commands became his to obey. What the King wanted out of him Jonathan would give regardless of the cost. Knowing that in the covenant with the King, the King promised to be faithful, loving, and kind to him. And in the promises of this covenant Jonathan would stand.