Peter tells us this eternal truth in 1 Peter 2:24 “He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree”. Jesus Christ our Devine representative and by a judicial act of God took upon Himself the sins of mankind and the wrath that they deserve.
It is important to remember however that we must separate Christ’s sinlessness with His act of sin bearing. Jesus is the sinless one carrying the sins of humanity. While he was officially guilty as our representative He was the supreme object of God’s love and affection. The rejection and wrath He suffered was the penalty of our sin not His. When we contemplate the fact that God would subject the supreme object of His divine love and affection to His full wrath holding nothing back it should cause us to worship Him with all of the adoration of our hearts!
The Bible uses a word to describe what Jesus did in His substitutionary atonement. The word is Propitiation. What does it mean? Well the best way to define it is to use the word exhaust. In other words Jesus fully exhausts God’s wrath on the Cross. This means that when Jesus cried out “It is finished” he was claiming that God’s wrath was exhausted. He had done it. The full penalty of sin had been paid. Jesus Christ was the ransom payment for mankind. He had redeemed all who would believe in Him.
We first encounter the word Propitiation in Rom 3:24-25
24 Being justified freely by his grace through the redemption that is in Christ Jesus:
25 Whom God hath set forth to be a propitiation through faith in his blood, to declare his righteousness for the remission of sins that are past, through the forbearance of God;